In scientific classification, both hemp and marijuana are part of the Cannabaceae family. As such, both are considered cannabis.
In the United States, the term “hemp” is used to describe a cannabis plant that produces no more than 0.3% THC, which is the molecule that causes the euphoric effects associated with medicinal and adult-use cannabis. T
Hemp has many uses including: canvas, paper, rope, other textiles, construction material and bio-fuel. Hemp seeds have long been used in many cultures for their nutritional benefits to animals and people alike.
“Marijuana,” is the term used to for the type cannabis that produces more than 0.3% THC. There is a staggering diversity of molecules that plants in this legal category are capable of producing. Among these are the cannabinoids CBD, CBG, and CBC, which are valued for their medicinal properties.
In fact, cannabis produces more than 100 unique cannabinoids that mimic compounds produced in the human body (Endocannabinoid System).
Cannabis Strains produce terpenes, the aromatic molecules that are the primary ingredient in essential oils, produced by many species of plants. Different cannabis strains have unique terpene profiles, which determine the aroma and flavor of the flower. When whole-plant cannabis is consumed, there is a unique interaction between all of these molecules that appears to have superior medical benefit.